1 General
2 Services
3 Duluth!
 4 Problems: Power and Control
5 For Partners
6 Pro-Feminism
7 Testimonials
8 Cautions

The "power and control" mantra.Respect and feminist dominated organisations seek to use a "power and control" ethos.The late Ellen Pence constructed the most extensively used model for working with male abusers in heterosexul relationships.  The model is favoured by Respect, DVIP and also IDAP - which was the Probation Service model rolled out in 2004.

In her book in 1999 Ellen Pence recognised the following:
Co-ordinating Community Responses to Domestic Violence - Lessons from Duluth and Beyond" Melanie Shepherd and Ellen Pence   published in 1999!

page 29: "By determining that the need or desire for power was the motivating force behind battering, we created a conceptual framework that, in fact, did not fit the lived experience of many of the men and women we were working with. Like those we were criticising, we reduced our analysis to a psychological universal truism. The DAIP staff - like the therapist insisting it was an anger control problem, or the judge wanting to see it as an alcohol problem, or the defence attorney arguing that it was a defective wife problem -remained undaunted by the differences in our theory and the actual experiences of those we were working with. We all engaged in ideological practices and claimed them to be neutral observations""
Eventually we realised that we were finding what we had predetermined to find.
However, the above recognitions did not stop her from endorsing the fundamental use of the "power and control" model for the Probation Service! 

By about 2011 / 12 the Probation Service "rolled up" the programme they had "'rolled out".  The likely reasons were that they had discovered the ineffectiveness and the cost ineffectiveness.