The "power and control" mantra.Respect and feminist
dominated organisations seek to use a "power and control" ethos.The late
Ellen Pence constructed the most extensively used model for working
with male abusers in heterosexul relationships. The model is favoured by Respect, DVIP and also IDAP - which was the Probation Service model rolled out in 2004.
In her book in 1999 Ellen Pence recognised the following:
Community Responses to Domestic Violence - Lessons from Duluth and
Beyond" Melanie Shepherd and Ellen Pence published in 1999!
29: "By determining that the need or desire for
power was the motivating force behind battering, we created a conceptual
framework that, in fact, did not fit the lived experience of many of
the men and women we were working with. Like those we were criticising,
we reduced our analysis to a psychological universal truism. The DAIP
staff - like the therapist insisting it was an anger control problem, or
the judge wanting to see it as an alcohol problem, or the defence
attorney arguing that it was a defective wife problem -remained
undaunted by the differences in our theory and the actual experiences of
those we were working with. We all engaged in ideological practices and
claimed them to be neutral observations""
Eventually we realised that we were finding what we had predetermined to find.
However, the above recognitions did not stop her from endorsing the fundamental use of the "power and control" model for the Probation Service!
By about 2011 / 12 the Probation Service "rolled up" the programme they had "'rolled out". The likely reasons were that they had discovered the ineffectiveness and the cost ineffectiveness.